What are the major differences between Eastern Orthodox and Western Christianity?
Another difference between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church is the language. The Catholic Church services are in Latin while the Eastern Orthodox Churches services are in native languages. This caused a schism between the Eastern and Western beliefs and churches in the Roman Empire.
Why did the Orthodox Church split from the Catholic Church?
The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.
How did Eastern Orthodox differ from Roman Catholicism?
How did Eastern Orthodox Christianity differ from Roman Catholicism ? Unlike Western Europe, where the Catholic Church maintained some degree of independence from political authorities, in Byzantium the emperor assumed something of the role of both “Caesar,” as head of state, and the pope, as head of the Church.
What makes Orthodox Christianity different?
Eastern Christians believe that they confess the true doctrine of God in the right ( orthodox ) way. The Bible of the Orthodox Church is the same as that of most Western Churches, except that its Old Testament is based not on the Hebrew, but on the ancient Jewish translation into Greek called the Septuagint.
Can Orthodox and Catholic marry?
Apostolic succession and sacraments Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. Catholic canon law allows marriage between a Catholic and an Orthodox only if permission is obtained from the Catholic bishop.
What came first Catholic or Orthodox?
The two were once one so originally there was no separation, and originally it was just the “Christian Church.” The Orthodox church is considered the original church now because they follow more of the old traditions than Roman Catholics do; more changes happened in the Catholic church after the east west schism than
Can a Catholic go to an Orthodox church?
If you are attending as a worshiper: Mostly yes. If a Catholic is unable to get to a Catholic mass (i.e. in Russia or an Eastern Orthodox nation), they can attend an Orthodox divine liturgy and it will satisfy their Sunday/holy day obligation. All Orthodox sacraments are considered valid by the Church .
Do Eastern Orthodox pray the rosary?
Roman Catholics use the Rosary (Latin “rosarium”, meaning “rose garden”) with 59 beads. However, Eastern Orthodox Christians use a knotted prayer rope called either a komboskini or chotki, with 100 knots, although prayer ropes with 50 or 33 knots can also be used.
Can Orthodox priests marry?
In the Eastern Orthodox Church and Oriental Orthodoxy , celibacy is the norm for bishops; married men may be ordained to the priesthood , but even married priests whose wives pre-decease them are not allowed to enter marriage after ordination.
Is Orthodox or Catholic older?
Most early Christian clergy recognised the primacy and prominence of Rome, where the Pope resided. Therefore the Catholic Church is the oldest of all. Indian Orthodox church is not exactly (Eastern) Orthodox , which are doctrinally very close to Catholics .
Why does the Orthodox cross look different?
The Russian Orthodox cross differs from the Western cross . The cross usually has three crossbeams, two horizontal and the third one is a bit slanted. The slanted line reminds us of the two thieves on both sides of the cross . One of them to the right of Christ ascended to Heaven, while the other one sank to Hell.
What does Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox have in common?
Both believe in the recorded text of the Bible as being authoritative and from God. The Roman Catholic Church accepts books that the Greek Orthodox regard as secondary sources of truth. The Greek Orthodox church feels that individuals have the Holy Spirit, not just priests and saints.
What Bible does the Orthodox Church use?
the New King James Version of the Bible
Is the orthodox bible different?
There is an important difference for the Old Testament. Orthodox use the oldest version ( 3rd century BCE) of the Old Testament which is the Septuagint or in Greek Εβδομήκοντα (evdomikonda), and Catholics use the Masoretic version (dates from the 10th century CE).
Is orthodox a religion?
Orthodox means adhering to accepted norms and creeds – especially in religion . In Christianity, the term means “conforming to the Christian faith as represented in the creeds of the early Church.” The Orthodox Church is one of the three main Christian groups – the others are the Roman Catholic and Protestant Churches.