Which of the following variables may increase the likelihood of anemia in the elderly? In lengthy bones, replacement of red bone marrow with fatty marrow is the first step. GI bleedingIv. GI atrophyII. GI atrophyII. GI atrophyII. GI atrophyII. GI atrophyII.
What are the risk factors for anemia?
Having a low intake of foods high in folic acid, vitamin B12, and/or iron can result in nutritional anemia, even if you do not have any other risk factors for the condition. An excessive amount of alcohol can cause damage to your liver, stomach, and kidneys, which can result in anemia.
What are the genetic causes of anemia?
The following are examples of genetic causes of anemia: Sickle cell anemia is a hereditary disorder that results in the development of dysfunctional red blood cells (RBCs) in the body. RBCs have the ability to transform into a sickle shape that resembles a half-moon. When the body is subjected to physical stress, such as illness or fever, RBC sickling can develop.
Can you suddenly become anemic?
Chronic anemia can develop as a result of any condition that affects your red blood cells (RBCs). Alternatively, you might develop acute anemia as a result of a catastrophic health event, such as fast bleeding or acute shock, which occurs all at once. Vitamin B12 insufficiency and iron deficiency are the two most prevalent causes of chronic anemia, respectively.
What causes low RBC levels in anemia?
In certain cases, genetic anemia is aggravated by factors such as infections and stress, which can result in dangerously low red blood cell counts that occur suddenly. Sickle cell anemia is a hereditary disorder that results in the development of dysfunctional red blood cells (RBCs) in the body.
What are the causes of anemia in the elderly?
Chronic illness and iron deficiency were shown to be the two most prevalent causes of anemia in the elderly, according to two cohort studies of the elderly conducted in the 1990s ( Table 1 5). There is no known cause of anemia in 15 to 25% of senior individuals, and even in those cases when there is no known reason, the prognosis is favorable.
What is included in the evaluation of anaemia in the elderly?
As with younger adults, the elderly are assessed for signs of gastrointestinal blood loss, hemolysis, nutritional deficiencies, cancer, chronic infection (such as subacute endocarditis), renal or hepatic disease, and other chronic diseases in the same way that younger adults are evaluated for anemia.
What are the causes of hemolytic anemia?
- These are referred to as hemolytic anemias, and they are significantly less prevalent than hemolytic anemias.
- According to the findings of a large research on the causes of anemia in non-institutionalized elderly Americans, the following are the most common: One-third of the anemias were caused by a lack of iron, vitamin B12, and/or folate, according to the study.
- Chronic renal disease or anemia of chronic illness were responsible for one-third of the cases.
Is anemia an inevitable consequence of aging?
2000 Oct 1;62(7):1565-1572. American Family Physician. 2000 Oct 1.62(7):1565-1572. Anemia should not be seen as an unavoidable result of the passage of time. In around 80 percent of older patients, a reason may be identified. Chronic illness and iron deficiency are the two most prevalent causes of anemia in the aged population.