Drug-induced alterations in pigmentation are probably more common in the elderly because they take more medications than younger adults and they usually have had more protracted exposure to causal medications as a result of prolonged duration of use. A variety of changes occur in the skin as we age.
Why do old people get hyperpigmentation?
Age spots are caused by overactive pigment cells. Ultraviolet (UV) light speeds up the production of melanin, a natural pigment that gives skin its color. On skin that has had years of sun exposure, age spots appear when melanin becomes clumped or is produced in high concentrations.
What health problems cause hyperpigmentation?
Common causes of widespread hyperpigmentation include melasma, drugs, cancers, and other systemic disorders. Test patients who have widespread hyperpigmentation not caused by drugs for disorders such as primary biliary cholangitis, hemochromatosis, and Addison disease.
Does aging cause hyperpigmentation?
The pigmentation is due to increased melanin but the number of melanocytes is normal. The number of bands and their width tend to increase with age.
What autoimmune diseases cause hyperpigmentation?
Lupus erythematosus (LE) is an autoimmune disorder commonly affecting the skin; cutaneous lesions may indicate systemic involvement, warranting further evaluation. Photosensitivity, which may result in hyperpigmentation, is a well-known feature of the disease.
What medication causes pigmentation?
Pigmentation may be induced by a wide variety of drugs; the main ones implicated include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), phenytoin, antimalarials, amiodarone, antipsychotic drugs, cytotoxic drugs, tetracyclines, and heavy metals.
What food causes pigmentation?
Your diet. A lack of folic acid can lead to hyperpigmentation. Whole grains, nuts, and green leafy vegetables are high in folic acid.
What triggers hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is caused by an increase in melanin. Melanin is the natural pigment that gives our skin, hair and eyes their color. A number of factors can trigger an increase in melanin production, but the main ones are sun exposure, hormonal influences, age and skin injuries or inflammation.
Does high blood pressure cause hyperpigmentation?
High blood pressure —> sleep disorders —> fine lines, reduced elasticity, uneven pigmentation. Prehypertension and hypertension are known to cause trouble sleeping. Moreover poor sleep quality is known to raise blood pressure (even in young adults).
Can liver problems cause hyperpigmentation?
According to Berman  some patients with hepatic disease demonstrate hyperpigmentation which is mostly associated with haemochromatosis and cirrhosis.
Why is my hyperpigmentation getting worse?
Dry weather, cold temperatures, and decreased humidity can cause dry patches on the skin and worsen skin conditions like acne, psoriasis, and eczema, leaving behind persistent dark spots.
How do you stop hyperpigmentation from spreading?
To prevent hyperpigmentation, or to stop it becoming more prominent:
- Avoid exposure to the sun. Use a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher to protect the skin and stop hyperpigmentation from becoming darker.
- Avoid picking at the skin.
What is the best cream for hyperpigmentation?
Murad Rapid Age Spot and Pigment Lightening Serum ” Hydroquinone is the gold standard for hyperpigmentation, as it works on the cells that make melanin to block further production,” Del Campo tells Allure. “Many people call it a ‘bleaching cream,’ but I consider it a ‘color blender.
What do autoimmune rashes look like?
Autoimmune rashes can look like scaly red patches, purplish bumps, or more. The appearance of autoimmune rashes will be different, depending on which autoimmune condition is triggering the skin rash. For example, cutaneous lupus may cause a scaly red patch that does not hurt or itch.
Does vitamin C help with hyperpigmentation?
Vitamin C is one such antioxidant. When used on the skin, it can combat signs of aging. It decreases hyperpigmentation, evens out your skin tone, reduces wrinkles, and protects your skin from sun damage.
Does anemia cause hyperpigmentation?
Evidence has suggested that hyperpigmentation can occur as a result of iron deficiency anemia and vitamin B12 deficiency.