It is a widely held belief that Galileo was persecuted by the Catholic Church because he abandoned the geocentric (solar system with the earth at the center) view of the solar system in favor of the heliocentric (solar system with the sun at the center) perspective.Many people who disagree with Catholicism believe that the trial of Galileo demonstrates that the Catholic Church is anti-scientific, that it refuses to discard outmoded dogmas, and that it is not infallible.
Because Galileo held the opinion that the Earth revolves around the sun, which the Catholic Church regarded as heretical, he was ordered to turn himself in to the Holy Office in order to begin the process of being tried for his beliefs. During the course of the trial, it was customary to keep the accused person locked up and away from the public eye.
Was Galileo the first event in the Catholic Church?
CATHOLIC: No, the condemnation that took place on March 5, 1616 by the Congregation of the Index is considered to be the first occurrence. Galileo was the catalyst for this censure, yet the actual wording makes no mention of any of his writings. The theory that the earth moves around the sun was deemed heretical by the document since it went against both logic and the Bible.
Why was Galileo forced to testify under oath?
To begin, on April 12, 1633, prior to any accusations being brought against Galileo, he was compelled to speak about himself under oath in the hopes of getting a confession.This occurred before any charges were ever brought against Galileo.According to Kelly, this had been a common practice in heresy prosecutions for a very long time, despite the fact that it constituted a breach of the canonical norm of inquisitorial due process.